Home Landscaping Thermal insulation of the basement

Thermal insulation of the basement

by dublindecor

Preserving heat inside the house is the main task of the developer, who cares not only about the comfort and beauty of the building, but also about saving energy resources. Typically, private households are equipped with basements, cellars or underground garage. If the construction of high-quality thermal and waterproofing of the basement was not carried out during the construction, then the appearance of condensation on the floor and walls of the room should be expected soon, and, as a result, the development of mold fungi.

If the construction is erected on wet heaving soil, then the insulation of the basements is one of the first to solve. As a heater for buildings on wet soils, extruded polystyrene foam is most often used. But, if groundwater is close to the foundation of the building, creating pressure, then the insulation slabs can be mounted both under the reinforced concrete base of the structure and above it. Since polystyrene foam is not susceptible to drip moisture, it can be mounted as a heater directly on waterproofing material on underlying gravel.

If the base of the structure is made of monolithic concrete, then waterproofing can be laid on both sides of the thermal insulation material, polystyrene – the effect will be approximately the same. But, this version of insulation is suitable only for houses under construction, as it requires alteration of flooring for proper laying of thermal insulation slabs.

A much simpler and less labor-intensive way of insulation of the basement is a liquid-ceramic thermal insulation coating. Porcelain is rightfully considered to be the ideal material for thermal insulation of floors in the basements in the construction. It is worth considering that this isolation is necessarily mounted on a clean, smooth and dry floor surface, without deep cracks and significant mechanical damage.

If we take into account that heat loss in a private house is twenty -five percent through a basement or zero floor not equipped with thermal insulation, then the need for such work is obvious.

A good heat -insulating effect is given by external continuous thermal insulation of the basement. Conducting such work justifies the costs of their implementation within five years. If we take into account the advice of insulation from the inside of the basement and equip external thermal insulation, you can achieve one hundred percent insulation of the house and a comfortable climate in the basement.

The location of thermal insulation on the outside provides the durability of the structure and helps to avoid many mechanical damage to the insulating layer.

In some cases, with close groundwater occurrence, soil drainage may be needed. This is a fairly expensive and laborious construction work. In this case, liquid thermal insulators can come to the rescue, which are applied to the flooring and the walls of the basements with a thin layer. The costs of acquiring this isolation material are paid off by savings in expensive excavation, and also allow by eighty percent to reduce thermal losses in the basement.

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